পর্ব-৩২; শ্রী দুর্গাশঙ্কর দীর্ঘাঙ্গী-র– “প্রাচীন যুগে বাংলা”

পর্ব-৩২

শ্রী দুর্গাশঙ্কর দীর্ঘাঙ্গী
চন্দ্রকোনার হারিয়ে যাওয়া ছোট ছোট ইতিহাস নিয়ে 

                       
           মেদিনীপুরের ভুলে যাওয়া ইতিকথা

                                পর্ব-৩২


প্রাচীন যুগে বাংলা:
          ৬
লেখার শুরুতে প্রাচীন বাংলার ভৌগোলিক  অবস্থানের কথা লিখেছি। সেই বাংলার বিভাজন  হয়েছিল, আগের অবস্থানে নেই। 
এখন যে সব বিষয়ে লেখা হবে সব অতীতের বাংলাকে নিয়ে। সেই সব ঘটনা কখনো  আনন্দ কখনো দুঃখ দিবে। 
Physical and Historical Geography:
“The territory  inhabited by the Bengali-speaking race stretches far beyond the political boundaries of the modern province of Bengal. It extends to the east into the districts of Goalpara,Sylhet, and 
Cachar which form parts of the province of
Assam and to the West into the district of
Manbhum, Santa Paraganas and Purnea, which was included within the official boundaries of Bihar. The Sarkars of Sylhet
and Purnea, the Paragana of Akhmahal
(now Raj mahal) and the famous pass of
Teliagarhi, now in the Santa Paraganas, formed the integral parts of the Subbah
Of Bengal in the days of Akbar. 
Rennell’s map of the northern provinces
shows that even as late as 1779 Purnea 
was included within Bengal and not “Bahar”
i. e., Bihar. The northern boundary of the 
Province reached the summit of the 
Himalayas as early as the time of the Gupta Kings. In the east “the valley of the Barak with its two Districts of Cachar and
Sylhet had formed the North-eastern part
of the Dacca Division” of Bengal as late as the year as the year 1874.
The province of Bengal lacks some of the
extraordinary varieties of physical aspect
for which the great sub-continent, of which it is an integral part, is justly famous. It has no desserts and hills or ridges except on the fringes in the extreme north, east and west. It can not boast of anything comparable to the purple water of the 
Kashmirian lakes which reflect the splendours of Haramukh, the gushing streams of Central India which leap into
falls amidst the marble rocks near
Jubbulpore, or the backwaters and Cascades of Malabar that lend charm to the scenery of the Western sea-board of the southern Presidency. 
It can, however, justly take pride in the snow capped peaks with gold -hued crests
in the northern district of Darjeeling, a vast
Riverine plain which forms the focus of three great river-systems where the country “widens out into a panorama of irrigated fertility”, 

Ref: The History of Bengal(vol-l) 
Professor R. c. Majumdar
(Physical and Historical Geography
By Professor H. C. Raychaudhuri,, M. A., 
PH.D., Carmichael professor of Ancient
History and culture in the University of calcutta. 

                                                      ক্রমশঃ….

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